Monday, May 2, 2011

Wicker. Wicker, Everywhere!!!

Victorian Wicker in My Bed Room.

3 Piece set on side porch.

More Victorian in My Bed Room.
   Wicker is a hand woven fiber, formed into a rigid material,usually used for baskets or furniture. Wicker is made of plant origin. Materials used can be any part of a plant, such as the cores of cane or  rattan stalks or whole thickness of plants, as with willow switches. Other popular materials include reeds and bamboo.
    Often a frame is made of stiffer materials, after which more plant material is used to fill in the frame. Wicker is light,yet sturdy,making it suitable for furniture that will be moved often. It is often used for patio and porch furniture.
   Wicker furniture has been documented as far back as ancient Egypt, and wicker baskets have been found in the ruins of Pompii It  has been suggested  that the extensive use of wicker objects in the Iron Age had a influence on the  design of patterns used in Celtic Art.In recent times, its aesthetic was influenced heavily by the Arts and Crafts movement, at the turn of the 20th century.The oldest and most prominent North American manufacturer of wicker  was Heywood-Wakefield of Mass.
   In the  by-gone  Victorian  era,the Golden Age of American Antique wicker furniture , the designers and the craftsman of the those years, was who skillfully created the imaginative and romantic pieces of wicker furniture  that  are being recongnized by leading authorities and museums to have contributed significantly to the American decorative Arts of 1870-1930.These makers were , Heywood Brothers and the  Wakefield Brothers that finally joined together to become The  Heywood -Wakefield Company.




This chair has a book holder on one side.

I use this old cloths hamper for garden tools on the side porch.

One of my favorite.

The trim on this tables legs are known as  bird cage.

ALove this high back chair with the fun star design.

   There are two types of wicker available, natural or synthetic. Natural is well known for it's strength and  durability and is loved for it's beauty and comfort, although requires  some up keep, to keep it in good condition. Synthetic types include paper wrapped high tensile wire(Lloyd Loom)   a process  patented in early 1900's. And Plastic or resin -usually  for out door use. This is what we see most of on todays market.
    Victorian era was when wicker furniture was first introduced and this type of furniture is still much loved in this day and age. Some pieces have the appearance of having been knitted by way of a very big pair of needles. Wicker harmonizes with just about every decor.
   Wicker was one of the first natural materials to be used for furniture. Egypt,Rome and Europe, as international sea traders, carried wicker wares to Great Britain and finally America. From the classical pieces of ancient Egypt to Modern day outside furniture , America-wicker furniture has survived and flourished through centuries  and many cultures. By the  19th century,Victorian era in England, wicker had become an important element for outdoor and indoor furniture. Wicker became popular for use in both the home and the garden. As it's simplicity and flexibilty lent itself toward a variety of different furniture styles and designs. While the first wicker furniture came to America with travelers on the Mayflower-it would not experience widespread popularity in the New World until the mid-19 century. Rattan, the most common material for wicker furniture ,  was originally used  to hold freight on ships, traveling from Asia. In 1850 Cyrus Wakefield discovered a large pile of rattan on the shipping docks in Boston and became fascinated by the material. He began his own rattan importing company in Boston  and making his own line of wicker furniture from rattan And he became the industry leader in wicker, at that time.  In 1869 some one invented a loom that could automatically weave wicker, until then all wicker was made by hand, and nothing has been the same since.




Wonderful pieces in the basement that need lots of help!

This is one that was destroyed during the 2008 flood.

This one is a platform rocker.

  Antique wicker products are highly sought after by todays collectors. Reproductions have been made for years. It is not hard to soon learn to tell the old from the newer. The old, if cared for properly will just seem to last for ever. The new wicker, never seems to hold paint and  comes apart when left in the  elements. The new wicker makers never seem to get  it just right. Where one part look pretty good the other parts are out  of scale or over or under done.
   I have had a love affair with  antique wicker furniture for many years. I have always been drawn to the fancy Victorian over the plainer. I usually have a mixture of both, as the plain seems to be more durable , while the Victorian  can be rather fragile.I have 5 porches full now at,My Old Historic House, my bed room is full and so is the basement. I can not seem to resist a  piece that is in need of repair. I keep telling my self, I will get it done some day and some day never seems to come. I had a lot of my beautiful, fancy, Victorian wicker damaged during the 2008 big flood that took place at my house which is just a few 100 feet from the Mississippi River. I had it on the front porch and while it was safe from the rising river it was not safe from the workers who helped out. People had  to spend the night on the porch to watch the pumps and I am afraid the hard use took its tole on the  wicker. I should have moved it, but during the panic and excitement it slipped my mind. Now it too lives in the graveyard of wicker in my basement. When I finished my bed room, the last room  I had to do in my house, I had some stored there and it looked so pretty against the dark olive green walls that I just left it there. I picked out some of my favorites and clean them up and gave them a coat of fresh white paint and I really like it there.I have all the wicker from my front porch in storage at the moment as we are now dealing with another possible flood. A hard lesson, well learned.










     Wicker takes some care. Every year in the spring, I give it a good washing. About every 2 or 3 years it needs to have a coat of fresh paint.Some people spray, I perfer to hand brush. If it ever starts pealing it is very hard to control and a lot of scapping and sanding has to be done. There are a lot of people out there that repair and restore old wicker. It is an art and takes patients and time. Supplies can be purchased for, "do -it- your- selfers", like me and they are not expensive. Sheet caned seats and card board pressed seat are available for missing bottoms. Mostly it takes patients.
    I hope you enjoy my Victorian wicker, maybe someday you can come by and take a tour. I will get you a glass of sweet tea and you can set a spell on the porches in some of the wicker and Sissy Dog will meet you with a jump and and a kiss. Happy Spring!
The graveyard of wicker, My basement.



Spring continues here in Missouri.

18 comments:

Garden Antqs Vintage said...

I love old wicker and have several pieces in my home. You have a great collection too. Happy Monday, T

Sweet Old Vintage said...

A wonderful collection of wicker... I do not have one piece of wicker... but I have always loved the look... but found it not to be the best for comfort....It is charming for your home... Enjoy your day and hope the weather is not making more problems for your area....

lvroftiques said...

As always you have a fabulous collection Richard. Sorry to sound like a bad record but that's just the truff! The fancier and flouncier the victorian wicker... the better I like it! Even your basement would delight and amaze me *winks* Vanna

Marcia said...

Great lesson on wicker! I use lots of reed in my basketmaking, so I can relate. Reed, which comes from the rattan plant, is just amazing. My favorite picture of this blog...the graveyard. It is just so intriguing! Those guys need to be resurrected!

Rose ~Victorian Rose ~ said...

OH yes, it CANNOT be fancy enough for me.
Richard I have to lay claim to the tall chair with the TEXAS LONE STAR in the middle of the back...we are very proud of the LONE STAR STATE here you know.
You have some very impressive pieces of wicker and thank you for the HISTORY of it...you are a a wealth of antique info.
So sorry to hear about the damage that occured to those precious treasures.

Rose

Ann from On Sutton Place said...

Hi Richard...what I wouldn't give to have a basement full of wicker! How wonderful...your pieces are all treasures. I have white wicker on my back porch. If it EVER warms up I will get my porch put together...last summer I bought an antique sofa from Craigslist. I painted it and covered the cushions. It turned out pretty good. Have a great week...~Ann

xinex said...

Great wicker furniture pieces, Richard. I especially like the ones with swirly designs, kinda reminds me of peacocks...Christine

Bohemian said...

Love your wicker Richard, but I must say, I was TOTALLY distracted by that fabulous tassled needlepoint pillow and yet another Persian Rug in your Bedroom!!! *swoon*

Your wicker graveyard just shows how passionate you are about these pieces, I hope one day you find a Master Restorer of wicker who can bring those magnificent flood damaged pieces back to life.

Dawn... The Bohemian

Kathy said...

This is an amazing collection, Richard. My neighbor has quite the collection at his home - He has a marvelous historic home near me. Our little town will be featured in a Georgia Trust Ramble on the 14th. They will lunch at his house - they have gone to great lengths to preserve the heritage of the home - they've built a dove coat, a well and other outer buildings to reflect what was once there. They even erected a fence along their property that was quite popular in this town. It is quite extraordinary. I hope you're not affected too badly by the floods - this seems to be a season of extreme weather,
God Bless,
Kathy

FrenchGardenHouse said...

Richard, you have a stunning collection! I hope that the pieces in the basement can be redone and live out their lives in their old glory, too.
Lidy

Curtains In My Tree said...

Love your wicker and everything else you show.

I really like that chair in the graveyard the one that looks square with the arms next to each other.

I am so worried about the river flooding beautiful homes like yours

I think every body loves wicker and it has been in every home at one time. I have wicker pieces in my studio, well 10 years old meaning not new, or antique

Sissysmom said...

Wonderful collection. I don't have any wicker anymore, the Arizona sun is not kind to it! You and Sissy Dog are in our prayers....hope the river calms down soon!

shopannies said...

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Pam of Eastlake Victorian said...

Such beautiful examples of wicker, each one more beautiful than the next!

-Pam

Brigitte said...

Hi Richard,
You again amaze me with your wonderful pieces of wicker.LOVE them ! but I am also very taken by the several pieces in your basement.They will look FANTASTIC when redone.I love the fancier Victorian pieces,the more swirls the better !! Thank you also for your history lesson.
Happy spring to everyone,
Brigitte

Debbie@Debbie-Dabble said...

Richard,
Okay, you are killing me here!! Your collection of wicker is outstanding!! I am green with envy!

Hugs,
Debbie

Patio Furniture said...

LOVE that piece and your space looks gorgeous!!
I am so amazed by you and all your work. Love everything, from sofa, chairs and Wicker Tables You make everything so beautiful! Things that I never dreamed could look so good. And they are so unique! That's what I like about all of your pieces.

Gerry said...

“I have had a love affair with antique wicker furniture for many years.” - Sounds like a match made in heaven! But I cannot blame you for falling head over heels with wicker. They are gorgeous and ideal for any space. And the best part is, you can adorn it with other elements and details to make it more gorgeous. [Gerry Bossier]